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Plasma is called as fourth state of matter; it contains the mixture of reactive species like free radicals, electrons and heavy particles, which makes it a unique and diverse media for surface modification. Plasma technology is a clean and dry process which offers numerous advantages over the conventional chemical processes and it is considered as more economical and ecological process.

Plasma for Textile Applications

  • Adhesion promotion
  • Antistatic properties
  • Optical coatings
  • Antibacterial textiles
  • Medical textiles
  • Hydrophilic textiles
  • Water and oil repellent finishing
Plasma treatment for surface activation and dyrophilization

Plasma is a surface modification technique which is preferred over mechanical and chemical treatment because the desired properties of the materials are retained. Plasma treatment of textiles has become increasingly popular for hydrophilic, oleophobic, hydrophobic, antistatic, adhesion improvement, polymer deposition, etc. surface modifications. We have used plasma treatment for surface modification of the polyester fabric using helium gas. Untreated polyester fabric is hydrophobic in nature and repels the water. However, after plasma treatment reactive functional groups are created on the surface of polyester fabric and it becomes water absorbent without affecting the required mechanical properties like tensile and tear strength.

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